Nasopharyngeal cancer, commonly known as throat cancer and like every other cancer, is based on the uncontrolled multiplication and growth of cells which is DNA based. This is specifically through the alteration of the DNA code which is a makeup of amine groups. The multiplication of cells compromises and disables the immune system. This continues until the infected person is left completely defenseless and vulnerable. Nasopharyngeal dau hieu ung thu vom hong are;
- Loss of hearing, headaches, numbness
- A blurred vision and a lump in the neck
- Bleeding through the nose and severe hoarseness of voice
- Persistent ear infection
This symptoms are not exactly specific for throat cancer alone and can be misconceived as other infections, this is why proper diagnosis and laboratory testing is required. There are various modern treatments for throat cancer, some of them are;
Radiation – this treatment employs the use of radioactive rays such as IMRT and X-rays. These rays are targeted directly at the affected cells and are used to destroy these cancer cells. Treatment by radiation is not completely safe as there are a few side effects. Such as damage of normal cells due to closeness to radiation which can lead to inflammatory reactions, brain stem might be affected; there is a case of possible blindness. These are possibilities and not definite.
Chemotherapy – this is the administration of drugs which is intended on killing the cancerous cells, however it is not so effective for nasopharyngeal cancer unless combined with other forms of treatment but it can help extend life span.
Surgery – this form of treatment is effective if all of the affected cells are removed. This would stop growth and spreading instantly. The risk involved with this treatment is that the location of the tumor is inside the skull and can cause resulting damage to eyesight and other nearby tissues.
There are a lot of other treatment options which can be employed if proper diagnoses confirm the presence of cancerous cells.